Using sources in your writing

Whenever you use a quotation you should always give the page number of the source so that the reader can find it in context. This is also often used when quoting interviewee words in research papers.

how to quote from an article in an essay

You can then use this short form in further references to refer to the series as a whole. If you are unsure whether your source is common knowledge or not, it is better to cite it using a footnote or an endnote. In this case, if the source didn’t have page numbers or if it was not necessary to include the page number, you would not need to include the parenthetical citation. Why not let Cite This For Me do the hard work for you by using our mobile app or free web tool.

What To Include in a Direct Quote

Quotation is used more commonly in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences than in Natural and Health Sciences. Some subjects analyse text as a form of data and may quote from primary sources.

  1. Other subjects, particularly the Natural Sciences, use quotation very sparingly, preferring to use paraphrase.
  2. As neither the idea nor the wording is your own, you need to signal to your reader that the words are a quotation and also include a reference to where the original can be found.
  3. Self-access resources from the Academic Writing Centre at the UCL Institute of Education.
  4. You can use single inverted commas ‘ ’ or double quotation marks “ ” to punctuate the quotation.
  5. Please note that for some disciplines using Harvard you may be required to give page numbers in your in-text citations for paraphrased text – please check with your lecturers.
  6. Paraphrasing is when you re-write a sentence, paragraph or page into your own words.

We’ve got over 7,000 styles in our books and are constantly adding new ones, so we’re sure to have the style you need. For more guidance on your learning, book a one-to-one tutorial with one of our tutors or visit our website for more activities and resources. If you don’t feel that a quotation is necessary, you can also paraphrase a source in your own words.

How to reference a book

In most literature essays, it’s better to use shorter quotations in a precise way rather than write out very long quotations. You can use single inverted commas ‘ ’ or double quotation marks “ ” to punctuate the quotation. Just make sure you stick to the same punctuation mark and don’t swap between the two. Writers use single quotation marks like these to indicate a quotation within a quotation. This is an important skill for writers who analyze literature, as they often need to include quotations from books like this to support their analysis. You should only give direct quotes a few times throughout an essay for emphasis, analysis, and evidence. Use direct quotes when the exact words from a are important to understand the source’s meaning or are particularly memorable.

Below is an example of a summary of a quote by Angela Rayner which appeared in the following Guardian online news article written by Coughlan in 2017. Please note you should always refer to any departmental/school guidelines you’ve been given. The structure is the same, but with the addition of the date you viewed the material (e.g. Viewed 3 May 2021) and a link at the end to the material.

Quoting and paraphrasing

A blended partial quote is a phrase from a source that doesn’t form a full sentence. You can blend partial quotes into your sentences more smoothly than full-sentence direct quotes. For longer quotes, like block quotes, you can start the quote on a new line and indent it.

how to quote from an article in an essay

Plus, it helps the writer to keep track of all the sources they’ve referenced whilst writing. This type of citation pertains to work obtained from electronic sources on the internet. This is especially complicated and different from the norm because online information can be easily changed, edited, deleted or they just disappear for numerous reasons. It is therefore advised that you store these sources personally by making copies of all the files you used. The exact formatting of an online article citation depends on the referencing style that you’re using. Scroll down for further information about specific citations with each referencing method.

Answered By: Referencing Enquiries Team Last Updated: Aug 25, 2021     Views: 60442

You should keep the original spelling and punctuation of the play you are quoting, and aim to reproduce the formatting thematic essay definition of the text as it appears on the page. You’ll find examples of How to set out quotations in MHRA, below.

  1. Complete and accurate referencing also demonstrates that you have command of the range of arguments and viewpoints discussed in your work.
  2. Demonstrates you have done wider reading – In turn, this enhances your credibility as a student and as a writer.
  3. The bibliography needs to be arranged alphabetically by author surname, so always reverse the name of the poet in the bibliography reference, e.g.
  4. You can do this by paraphrasing and summarizing sources.
  5. The bibliography needs to be arranged alphabetically by author surname, so always reverse the name of the first author in the bibliography reference.
  6. If you have used the ideas of another source, reference both in your text at the relevant point and in your reference list or bibliography at the end of your document.
  7. Keep this punctuation difference in mind when quoting sources in your work.
  8. In this case, if the source didn’t have page numbers or if it was not necessary to include the page number, you would not need to include the parenthetical citation.

Find out how to integrate quotations purposefully and smoothly into your writing. This method allows you to use quotations in a precise way and select evidence carefully. Quotations are important because help prevent plagiarism. Verbatim means the quotations are copied word for word. Plagiarizing is the act of stealing another’s work and passing it off as one’s own.


A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. In the beginning of the novel Dickens establishes the details of Scrooge’s character for his reader in a collection of negative verbs and powerful similes. Writers use quotations to support arguments, analyze text, and enrich fiction. Direct quotations are verbatim quotations that require quotation marks. When a direct quotation is a complete sentence, the first letter has to be capitalized. Can include anything from one word to several sentences from a source.

  1. Credibility is key – When selecting materials to include in your essay, make sure they are credible.
  2. See also the guidance on dealing with quotations from plays in your text.
  3. To make this easier and ensure you haven’t forgotten any, always do your references as you go along.
  4. A blended partial quote is a phrase from a source that doesn’t form a full sentence.

Direct quotes are important for supporting and emphasizing specific points in an essay. Effectively choosing and using direct quotes is an important writing skill. You will use direct quotes in essays and other forms of writing, persuasive or otherwise. So, it’s no surprise that you’d need to do this in your essays, too. Indeed, whenever you refer to someone else’s ideas in your essays, you should cite the author’s surname and the publication date. Imagine the scenes when your near-perfect essay gets marked down a grade for a shoddy reference list. Before you submit your essay, have a final look through your references and in-text citations.

To Cite an Article in APA Style

Not all evidence needs to be in a source’s exact words. Sometimes you need to translate a source for the reader. You can do this by paraphrasing and summarizing sources. The following passage is an example of an acceptable use of this source. papers on gun control Try to summarise sources in most of your work and use direct quotes when they’ll have a strong impact. Make it clear to the reader that you understand the quote and its context, and why you’ve used a quote instead of paraphrasing.

In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence , and place the page number after the quote. Every time you quote, you must cite the source correctly. This looks slightly different depending on the citation style you’re using. Sometimes, you want to use a quotation but it contains what may appear to be an error to your reader. This may be an actual error but other times is could be that the word usage or formatting is archaic or non-standard in some way.

Citing Block Quotes in MLA or APA

Many scholarly versions of novels will have editors as well as authors. Most eBooks provided by the library can be referenced how to introduce a quote in the same way as print books. In some cases we may have both print and eBook versions or two different eBook versions.

  1. If you are unsure of how to get started making your in-text citations for your paper, it is always a good idea to speak with your teacher.
  2. When quoting you may sometimes want to leave out some words, in which case use … .
  3. The traditional view of the library as a book-based institution still perpetuates but does not account for the new services libraries provide.
  4. To help out, we’ve prepared this quick guide to introducing quotations in an essay.
  5. When summarising, you should not include your own comments or analysis withinthe summary.
  6. This is the style you will use most frequently in English literature and language classes.
  7. If your research is mainly quantitative, you won’t include many quotes, but if it’s more qualitative, you may need to quote from the data you collected.

Short quotations may be run into the text, using single quotation marks. The number for the note should appear at the end of the quotation, after the full stop, how to reference an article in an essay even if the quotation appears in the middle of the sentence. In some cases you will want to reference a work mentioned or quoted in another author’s work.

When revising an informative essay, what is important to consider?

The main body is the central part of any informative essay. Here, we will review several informative essay examples, analyzing if they have a good opening, clear and precise body paragraphs, and appropriate ending. We will also check the essays’ type and explain whether or not they look like informative papers. Informative essays differ from the majority of academic assignments that students get from their teachers. In an informative paper, you shouldn’t persuade anybody in anything.

This is not a comprehensive list of resources on the handout’s topic, and we encourage you to do your own research to find additional publications. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback. Once you prepare your outline, you need to start writing your first draft without worrying about spelling, grammar, and other mistakes. You just logically convey your ideas and complete the entire essay.

revise final draft in response to feedback from peers and teacher and publish written work for appropriate audiences

You may use their quotes in your text to make your paper more unique. However, you should select interviewees very carefully because even some experts don’t give very good explanations. Explains how they started writing creatively when they were in fifth grade, when their teacher wanted them to write a journal entry every day, which helped them become creative writers.

  • States l lennie ivrin’s essay “what is academic writing?” that there is a myth that some assume they can’t write because they have problems with grammatical correctness.
  • The term “Second Middle Passage” refers to which of thefollowing?
  • In contrast, others can benefit from placing the least crucial examples first and leaving the most important ones till the end .
  • Serious papers and essays are not static documents but rather ever-changing and evolving, subject to feedback and criticism.

Like a house door, the introductory paragraph must allow the reader to enter into the essay. The body paragraphs, much like the walls of a house, must be firm, strong and complete. Also, there must always be as many body paragraphs as the framework of the introductory paragraph indicates otherwise your essay will resemble a house that is missing a wall. Finally, an essay must include a conclusion paragraph that tops off the essay much like a roof completes a house. As the roof cements the structure of the house and helps hold the walls in place, the conclusion paragraph must reiterate the points within your body paragraphs and complete an essay. Self-examination is widely recognized as a psychosocial need, and the writers believe it is fundamental to personal growth. Their ideas about self-examination include the recognition of personal motivations, thoughts, and emotions and the development of related beliefs, values, and life goals.

What Is an Informative Essay?

Before you start wiring, it’s essential to know a few essential things like choosing a topic, understanding your audience, etc. It’s always great when there are examples of how to do something.” Start your introduction with a hook to draw your reader in. It could be a question, proverb, or popular misconception based on your topic. Mistakes can happen, so be sure to give your final draft one more read-through, checking for spelling and grammar errors. You should know in advance what information you’ll need when citing sources. You will usually need to include the author, title, publisher, copyright information, and website address .

In this informational writing lesson, middle school students will have the opportunity to fine-tune their writing by adding, deleting, or reworking content in their informational essay drafts. They will use a revision checklist to guide this critical step in the writing process, reviewing both a peer’s essay as well as their own before beginning their second draft. Revision doesn’t necessarily mean rewriting the whole paper. Sometimes it means revising the thesis to match what you’ve discovered while writing. Sometimes it means coming up with stronger arguments to defend your position, or coming up with more vivid examples to illustrate your points. Sometimes it means shifting the order of your paper to help the reader follow your argument, or to change the emphasis of your points. Sometimes it means adding or deleting material for balance or emphasis.

Informative Essay Vs Expository Essay

If your writing is filled with slang or jargon, the narrower your potential audience. Recommends free writing for 3 to 5 minutes, without regard to grammar or sentence structure. Explains that the body of an essay is where you do the real work of the essay. The body contains the evidence and arguments that support your thesis.

Leanne’s research and writing skills are unsurpassed making her one of the best-reviewed writers on our platform. Some students make a common mistake of adding everything here, which is absolutely wrong. Thus, try to write a brief and to-the-point opening paragraph. Ensure that the information provided is relevant to the thesis statement. Provide each of the arguments that will be presented in each of the body paragraphs. Begin with a topic sentence that reflects an explanation of the paper and the category being discussed in the paragraph.

EBP Assignment and Implementation docx

Nevertheless, avoid adding any new information here because you are closing your essay. Following the topic sentence, you must provide some sort of fact that supports your claim.

When you finish revising, that’s the time to proofread. For more information on the subject, see our handout on proofreading. You can ask a few other questions to check if the essay provides valuable information on the topic you have chosen. Also, you need to ensure whether the writing is coherent and sounds logical. Next, how many words does an essay have you need to proofread and check any grammatical mistakes, misspelled words, etc. After deciding the topic, you need to conduct your research. When you are writing an informative essay, ensure that you refer to reliable sources such as academic journals, proven resources, government websites for statistical data, etc.

Informational Essay: Revising

It may be an interesting fact, a quotation or a strong and though-provoking statement. Although unlikely, ask students if there is anything specific to the informative essay about the frog they would like to add to the checklist for those two criteria. If students suggest what you would consider to be worthy criteria, add them to the displayed list and invite students to add them to their copy. Invite students to spend a few minutes reading through the feedback. Ask them to write their names in a list on the board if they have any questions and explain that you will get to them in the order they are listed on the board once they begin writing.

when revising an informative essay it is important to consider

This kind of set up allows readers to better understand the quote because you, the writer, have framed it for them. Work on providing a similar context to prepare readers for your own quotes. Delbanco, the Alexander Hamilton Professor of American Studies at Columbia University, echoes this sentiment. He writes that “some students have always been aimless, bored, or confused; others self-possessed, with their eyes on the prize.

Introduction to Informative Writing

This can prevent unnecessary repetition of information, which can be a telltale sign of plagiarism. Furthermore, it helps us to stay focused on the essence of the topic and present our ideas in a more creative and innovative way. First of all, it demonstrates that you understand the context of your argument and are capable of keeping your perspective in mind as you dive into the details. Secondly, citing evidence shows your audience how you came to that conclusion, and gives them a path to follow if they want to come to the same conclusion themselves. Chances are the boring parts are also the parts where you didn’t underline or highlight any details or words that made you feel something. Try perking up these sections by adding some description or figurative language to set a tone or a mood. Make your readers feel something all the way through your paper.

  • If you don’t find many details, consider changing the topic because an essay without examples is not informative.
  • The essay should be written in the participant’s own language with interesting facts.
  • State the thesis, preferably in one arguable statement.
  • You may feel that the conclusion paragraph is redundant or unnecessary; However, do not forget that this is your last chance to explain the significance of your argument to your audience.

In other words, pay attention to the evidence you include in your work. The primary aim of the conclusion is to remind the readers of the main statement and its central points. The final paragraph also provides key information from the central part so that the audience understands the relationship between the thesis and the information provided in the following sections. Writing an informative essay is similar to any essay writing process.

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Murray uses the flow of time in a clever way to end the article, “A piece of writing is never finished. It is delivered to a deadline, torn out of the typewriter on demand, when revising an informative essay it is important to consider sent off with a sense of accomplishment and shame and pride and frustration. If only there were a couple more days, time for just another run at it, perhaps then …”.

Otherwise, your writing can end up sounding dry and uninteresting, which is the opposite of what you’re trying to achieve. If you are writing a research paper, you should make sure that the material you are using is cited properly.